Coriander is an annual herb with a strong smell. During the flowering period the plants can reach a height of 20-140cm. The stem is upright and green in color, while during the flowering period it turns violet or even red. The stem of mature plants is hollow, while the diameter of the stem at the base of the root is over 2cm. Alternate compound leaves, with three lobes -3 or more toothed lobes. The leaves during the flowering period turn violet or even red. The inflorescence is a compound umbel. The flowers have 5 petals, colored pink or sometimes white. The fruit is spherical or oval with a diameter of over 6mm. It prefers fertile soils, while in the first period of its growth it requires a sufficient amount of moisture, but after the growth of the shoot it is very resistant to drought and is considered a dry crop. High temperatures and sunshine during the flowering period increase the essential oil content.
It is propagated by seed by direct sowing in the field. The planting distances are 50-80 cm between the lines and 7-10 cm on the line. Therefore, from 300g (small fruits) to 2 kg (large fruits) are required depending on the weight of the fruits. They are sown with a pneumatic machine from mid-February to mid-March. At a temperature of 15-17 degrees Celsius the plants can sprout within 2 weeks.