There are dozens of cucumber varieties and hybrids that are commercially available and that we can plant. Depending on the size of the fruit, the cucumber varieties are divided into the large-fruited varieties and the small-fruited varieties that, in addition to being fresh, are also used for pickling. A traditional long-fruited variety of cucumber is the Kalybiotiko cucumber, suitable for summer outdoor cultivation that gives very tasty smooth dark green fruits, about 40 cm long. Among the small-fruited varieties, we distinguish the Knossos variety, from the Heraklion region of Crete, with a smooth, dark green, crunchy fruit about 20 centimeters long. Long cucumber, a traditional variety of cucumber.
Cucumber cultivation is demanding on water in order to have good growth and significant fruiting. We water every two to three days during the spring season, so that the soil is kept moist during the growth of the plant. On hot summer days, we water the cucumbers every day or two. It is important to mention that the cucumber needs irrigation with good quality water to have a satisfactory production, as it is sensitive to the high content of the irrigation water, but also the soil in salts.
We prefer to water the cucumber with a drip irrigation system to save water and limit the growth of unwanted weeds in the crop. When watering, be careful not to get the cucumber foliage wet, as this can cause the development of fungal diseases.