Watermelon is one of the most popular and refreshing fruits with a unique sweet taste that we enjoy in slices, in fruit salads, in refreshing juices, while in some regions they also make it a spoon dessert. The watermelon fruit is smooth on the outside, light or dark green in color, with hard skin, while many varieties have characteristic ridges. Internally, the characteristic red color of watermelon fruits is due to lycopene, an antioxidant substance also found in tomatoes and grapefruit. Watermelon is an annual crop that is planted in early spring or early summer and is considered a demanding crop for a novice grower. It has significant water and fertilization requirements, and needs a lot of experience to give us rich quality production. we plant in late spring, the young watermelon plants that we have established in seedbeds since the beginning of spring, or we get ready-made plants from nurseries. The watermelon, like the melon, grows and bears fruit in warm periods. If we want to plant watermelon later, early summer, we can plant the watermelon seed directly in the ground. By direct planting in the field, the watermelon plant shows better rooting and gives better fruit production.
Watermelon cultivation is quite demanding on water and needs regular watering to have satisfactory growth and rich production. If we do not give the watermelon plants the required water, the production will be limited, the size of the watermelons will be too small and they will not ripen and sweeten enough. When the watermelon plant is in the initial stages of growth, in late spring and early summer, we usually water every two days, depending of course on the soil in which we have planted and the prevailing weather conditions. During the hot summer season, water every day to keep the soil relatively moist.