So many flowers and colors bursting from a dahlia bulb looks truly magical! The dahlia is a plant with tuberous roots, native to the region of Mexico, which was brought to the Netherlands at the end of the 19th century and gradually spread throughout the world. Today, there are thousands of dahlia varieties on the market with different stem heights, from dahlias with a compact growth that are limited to a height of half a meter to dahlias that have a very vigorous growth and reach a height of two meters. We will find varieties of dahlias with different shapes and sizes of flower, as well as in incredible colors, from white, cream, yellow, to pink, purple, orange, red, and even dark red that is almost black. Dahlias need several hours of sunshine to give us their rich flowering. So we choose a sunny spot in our garden, protected from strong winds, to plant them. To plant dahlias in a pot on our balcony, we choose points with a south or west orientation. Dahlias can grow in almost any type of soil, however they prefer fertile, loose soils with good drainage, which is why we incorporate manure and compost when planting. For potted dahlias, we use a quality all-purpose potting soil that contains perlite for better drainage and aeration.
Gladiolus is a bulbous flower that is planted in spring and blooms in summer. It stands out for its sword-shaped, pointed leaves, green in color, and for its impressive flowers, arranged lengthwise on a flowering stem that in some varieties exceeds one meter.
We plant the gladioli in the spring, after the winter frosts have passed. Gladiolus plants grow from a tuberous bulb called a stem and form the flowering shoot. Gladiolus blooms throughout the summer, starting 12-13 weeks after the bulbs are planted. To ensure a rich extended flowering period, we can plant our bulbs in succession in the spring. We choose light, draining, rich and deep soils for planting gladiolus, as it needs a suitable substrate to grow and bloom. We ensure good tillage of the soil and incorporate organic matter with digested manure, compost or black peat. If we plant the gladiolus bulbs in pots, we choose general-purpose potting soil that ensures good drainage. We plant the gladioli in sunny positions, protected from strong winds.
Calla lilies are favorite bulbous plants with striking flowers, the lilies, which usually appear in summer or spring in warmer regions. Native to southern Africa, the calla has large green lance-shaped leaves and abundant flowering with striking trumpet-like flowers and unique colors. The best-known variety of calla is the one with white flowers, it blooms in the spring, on the Feast of the Annunciation, and is therefore often referred to as the lily of the Virgin Mary. It should not be confused, however, with the parthenocrine which has the same name and is a type of lily. There are many more beautiful calla varieties with striking colors such as yellow, pink, purple, red and even purple flowers. The calla needs a cool climate and can thrive both in semi-shady warm places in southern Greece and in sunnier northern areas with a cooler climate. If we plant the calla in a pot on a balcony, we prefer places with a west or east orientation. Calla lilies love moisture, but when planting they need well-drained soil to drain away water. For planting the calla in a pot, we choose a general-purpose potting soil that contains perlite for moisture retention and good ventilation. Calla rhizomes are planted in the spring, making sure that the eyes face upwards during planting. We plant the rhizomes at a depth of about 10 centimeters and at distances of 30-40 centimeters between them.
Lilies are among the most beloved bulbous flowers that give us wonderful flowering with their large and impressive lilies. Lily flowers have various shapes and can be found in the form of a cup, bell or trumpet, and they also have many colors from white and pink to orange, red and yellow. Most lilies bloom in the summer and are an excellent choice for planting in a pot, as well as creating a wonderful colorful backdrop in our garden. Lilium lilies are ideal flowers to decorate in a vase in our living room and office, as they can be kept for at least 2-3 weeks, especially if we follow the tips to keep flowers in a vase for more days. Let’s see in detail which are the most well-known types of lilies and what care they need to give us rich, long-lasting flowering in a pot and in the garden. Lilies need a lot of sunshine, with more than 8 hours of exposure to direct sunlight daily to give us their rich flowering. To plant lilies in a pot, we choose a balcony with a south or west orientation. There are some varieties of lilies that bloom in partial shade, but in low light conditions the flowering stems of lilies become thin and weak, and the flowers are smaller in size and do not last long. Lilies to thrive need loose soil that ensures good drainage. For planting in a pot, choose general-purpose potting soil that contains enough perlite.
This beautiful flower is not particularly well known in Greece, however, we will meet it in the market, mainly in garden centers, where the sale of bulbs is a widespread phenomenon. So this is Ixia Hybrida, a member of the ornamental garden, which comes to us from the Iridaceae family and Africa! Gardeners and growers appreciate it for its impressive, colorful, unique flowers, so that worldwide it is considered a unique ornamental flower. Ixia Hybrida “escapes” from the traditional color of the famous white version of the genus. Under these conditions, it can even reach half a meter in height! The beautiful flowers it has, appear in the middle of Spring, with the flowering lasting until May!