Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant and belongs to the Valerianaceae family. For commercial exploitation, the plant is cultivated as an annual. Valerian is a plant whose use is known to us from the ancient Greeks. Later, the Romans used valerian as a remedy for digestive problems, as well as for cramps and to treat urinary tract discomfort. Valerian (Valeriana officinalis, Caprifoliaceae) is a perennial flowering plant and belongs to the Valerianaceae family.
Valerian does not need pruning. It is cleaned only from any yellow leaves or dry shoots and from overripe flowers.
Harvesting: In the past the leaves were harvested in September each year and the roots after the fourth year by uprooting all or part of the plant. In intensive crops, this is done more quickly every two or at most every three years when the root system matures well.
Propagation of valerian is done only by seeds directly in the field or garden. Planting distances are 20-30cm.
Cabbage ChineseCabbage Chinese
Cabbage is a cold season plant and the ideal temperature for its growth is 15-18 degrees Celsius. Cabbages are planted mainly in sunny positions in the fall, although semi-shaded positions are useful in early summer plantings when it is very hot. Cabbage can grow in all types of soil, except very acidic soils. It is important that the soil has good drainage to remove excess water from watering and to ensure good aeration of the roots. For early cabbages we prefer sandy, light warm soils, while for late cabbages we prefer heavier and more fertile soils with good drainage, rich in organic matter. 3. How do we plant the cabbages and at what distances? We can raise cabbage plants from seed to maintain traditional varieties or keep our own seeds from the plants every year. Planting in a nursery takes 4-6 weeks until the young plants are ready for transplanting in the field. Ideal temperatures for seed germination and plant growth are 15-20 degrees Celsius. Alternatively, we can get ready-made cabbage plants from agricultural stores and nurseries in our area. Cabbage is transplanted from mid-August to early November depending on the growing conditions in each region.
Chives thrive in fertile soils, rich in organic matter and with very good drainage. It seeks a cool environment, it is resistant to cold and in sunny places it shows better growth and production, however, excessive moisture tends to cause it to rot in the root. Chives are propagated by seed. We can plant the chives directly by sowing in the field as long as when it reaches a growth of 10-15 cm we thin them at distances of 20-30 cm. If we get ready-made plants from a nursery, we plant them at suitable planting distances of 30-40 cm between plants and 50-60 cm between rows. To plant the chives on the balcony, choose a pot with a diameter of 30 cm and add general-purpose potting soil, enriched in nutrients, that ensures good drainage.
This small taxon is represented by evergreen trees and shrubs distributed in North America, Mexico, Peru, the West Indies and eastern Asia, with the highest concentration of species occurring in northern Myanmar and southern China.
The best known member of this genus is probably Illicium verum. Other species of this genus are Illicium anistatum, Illicium parviflorum, Illicium angustisepalum A.C. and other.
Celery varieties, depending on the part of the plant for which they are grown, are divided into two main categories: a) leafy ones that have rich foliage vegetation and b) rhizomes that have less growth of the above-ground part of the plant and more root growth. The best-known varieties are the traditional variety of celery, the variety of celery and the variety of celery which have the following characteristics: Common variety of celery: Traditional local leafy variety of celery with thin shoots and leaves that have a strong aroma and flavor Celery variety: Classic leafy variety of celery with thick, crunchy stems that reach a height of up to one meter and large leaves that do not have as strong a scent as the common variety. Celery root variety: Characteristic variety of root celery eaten for its large round root, fresh or cooked in salads and soups.
Fennel belongs to the apiaceae family. The root is white and penetrates to a great depth and the shoot is upright, green and cylindrical. The main part of the plant is its lower part, which is the pseudobulb of the fennel and is basically a thickening of the leaves at their base. The flowers are small and the fruits are 5 mm in diameter, oblong with shades of green and light grey-brown.
Strawberry, the favorite fruit of young and old with its unique juicy taste. The best way to enjoy the most delicious strawberries, full of rich aroma, is to grow our own strawberries in the garden or on the balcony. Strawberries are very healthy and have significant nutritional value. They are rich in vitamin C, potassium, phosphorus and calcium, while at the same time they offer significant antioxidant activity. Strawberries are the ideal fruit for novice gardeners of all ages, as they don’t require too much care, can be grown in a pot or in a flower bed, and each plant gives us enough fruit. The strawberry plant is a perennial and herbaceous that spreads on the ground and climbs. The strawberry has a central stem, of low height, from which the leaves, flowers and fruits that are formed in spring and summer emerge. Strawberry cultivation lasts about 3-4 years before the productivity of the plants starts to decrease significantly and we will have to replace the crop by planting new strawberry plants to ensure new strawberry plants.