The sunflower, the well-known sunflowers, is a favorite summer plant to decorate our garden or balcony to give us its impressive flowering. The name of the sunflower comes from the fact that its head constantly turns towards the sun’s rays during the day and turns again, in the morning hours, towards the east. The dwarf varieties of sunflower, which reach up to 40-50 cm in height, are suitable for pots, while for the garden we prefer the taller varieties that exceed one meter and are also edible. The characteristic color of sunflower flowers is yellow but now new sunflower varieties have been created in shades from pale yellow to red and brown.
Sunflower is planted by seed directly in the planting site, in rows, dropping 2-3 seeds together in each site. When the seeds have germinated and the sunflower plants have grown a bit, we thin the plants, keeping the ones that seem strongest. The sunflower does not require special care to grow and thrive, as long as we water it at relatively frequent intervals, 2-3 times a week. To fertilize the sunflower, we add a water-soluble general-purpose fertilizer for the short sunflowers in a pot, every 15 days or so, and for the taller sunflower varieties, a granular fertilizer once a month. For planting in the garden or in a pot, sunflowers need light, well-drained soil. The sunflower is suitable for the dry heat conditions of our Mediterranean climate. Sunflower needs plenty of direct sunlight to grow and thrive. They are annual plants that bloom all summer, but will be destroyed by the first frosts of winter.