The primrose is the first flower to bloom in winter! Although a low-growing herbaceous perennial flower, the primrose is mainly planted as an annual ornamental and gives us its wonderful flowers from early January to late spring. The primula has characteristic lanceolate foliage that grows in the form of a rosette and is an ideal plant to plant in a pot on the balcony, as well as in the garden to create impressive color compositions. The name primrose comes from Latin and means first, confirming its early flowering in the heart of winter. There are, of course, some varieties of primrose that bloom in the autumn months. The leaves of the primrose resemble lettuce leaves, which is why many call it “lettuce”. There are many types of primroses with a wide variety of colors to choose from, from white, red, purple, yellow, pink, orange, blue, as well as striking bi-color varieties that have been created in recent years.
In order to thrive and give us rich flowering, the primrose needs frequent watering, as it has increased needs for soil moisture. We water twice a week in the spring and autumn, while in the hot summer we water every 2 days. However, it is necessary to remove the water from the pot because otherwise rotting may occur in the root system of the primrose. Regarding its nutrient requirements, primrose does not need large amounts of fertilizer. Specifically, we add liquid fertilizer for flowering plants to potted primrose plants once a month, from early spring to late fall. For primrose plants planted in the garden, it is enough to apply a complete granular fertilizer in early spring, summer and autumn. Let’s look at the most important tips for primrose care to enjoy its wonderful flowers in the garden and in a pot. Primula needs a cool environment and moisture to thrive, so we mostly prefer semi-shaded planting locations protected from the strong midday sun. We must be aware that hot and cold air currents can cause drying of primrose leaves and flowers. Primroses have a superficial root system, which is why they are planted in shallow pots and planters as they do not need much depth to grow. A distance of about 20 cm between primrose plants is ideal for planting them. We incorporate into the soil materials that retain moisture, such as perlite and zeolite, and at the same time we add compost to the soil mixture. For planting the primrose, we use general-purpose potting soil or special potting soil for flowers.