Marjoram is a perennial aromatic and medicinal plant, a cousin of oregano, that grows in semi-mountainous and mountainous parts of the Mediterranean countries. With a growth of about half a meter, marjoram is characterized by upright stems, small round ash-green leaves and small white-pink flowers that appear at the ends of the stems. Marjoram has no special soil requirements, as long as the soil has very good drainage. It prefers relatively sunny positions and is particularly resistant to cold. Marjoram is considered a xeric crop and can withstand high temperatures. Suitable time for planting marjoram is in spring and early autumn. We plant at distances of 30-40 cm between the plants, while if we plant it in a rock garden we choose a position near oregano and thyme. For marjoram plants in a pot, we make sure to place them in a place with western or northern exposure and we get general-purpose potting soil or more special for aromatic plants.
Marjoram has no particular requirements in terms of watering and fertilization. Initially, after transplanting, we carry out small and frequent waterings so that it takes root better, while then it needs watering during the summer season to withstand the high heat. Care should be taken, however, as abundant and frequent watering of marjoram causes the concentration of essential oils to decrease. It is important during watering not to wet the marjoram foliage, especially during the midday hours of summer, in order to avoid the development of diseases. Regarding the fertilization of marjoram, the incorporation of a small amount of complete organic fertilizer in early spring as well as in early autumn after harvest is advisable. And we should not overdo it with fertilizer, as an excessive amount of nitrogen fertilization degrades the quality of the leaves we collect.