Lemon balm is a shrubby aromatic plant found in the region of Southern Europe, the Mediterranean, and Central Asia. Also known as bee herb, lemon balm or “medicine bee”, Lemon balm is fast growing and usually over a meter tall. The leaves of Lemon balm are oval and jagged and give off a mild lemon scent. Lemon balm grows in a variety of soils, although it prefers cool and fertile soils, as long as they are well drained and it prefers sunny positions. It is a plant resistant to high temperatures, however, Lemon balm is relatively sensitive to very low temperatures and freezing temperatures. Because of its fast and dynamic growth, Lemon balm is best planted alone in the pot, while when planted in rock gardens, we choose it in the rear plantings at a distance of at least half a meter from the other aromatic plants.
Lemon balm, in the first stages of growth, will need small and frequent waterings to take root better, while then frequent watering will be required during the summer season. As far as fertilization is concerned, the incorporation of a small amount of organic nitrogen fertilizer or manure, twice in the spring period is imperative.