The iris or iris is a perennial herbaceous plant that gives us enchanting flowers with a huge variety of colors in the garden and on the balcony. It is no coincidence that, in Greek mythology, Iris was the goddess of the rainbow. The iris is planted in the fall and gives us its impressive flowering in the spring with wonderful flowers that stand out for their delicacy and attractive appearance. And from colors? Blue, white, red, yellow, orange and even black! There are also beautiful two-tone irises with color combinations. We can decorate the iris flowers in the living room, making blooming bouquets that we keep in a vase for 2-3 weeks. There are many species and varieties of iris that grow naturally in southern Europe and China, while in the Greek area we can find wild endemic species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Irises are divided into rhizomatous species that grow roots and bear buds, and bulbous species where the iris grows from a bulb. Among the cultivated varieties, we find low iris species with a height of up to 10-30 cm, medium height of 30-70 cm and taller ones with a height of 70-120 cm. The impressive flowers of the iris have a size that reaches 10-15 cm. The best known variety of iris is the German iris that gives blue flowers, which is also referred to as blue lily or wild lily. Note that most iris varieties are planted in autumn, but there are also some Dutch varieties that can be planted in spring.
The iris is quite resistant and not at all demanding on watering. Even if we forget her a little dishonestly, it won’t be a problem! In general, the iris needs more regular watering, 1-2 times a week, from the moment it germinates until the beginning of flowering. Be careful though, as excessive watering can cause its roots to rot. And as for lubrication, the iris is lacking there as well. We add some complete granular fertilizer when planting, which we mix with the soil or topsoil if we have planted in a pot. Then we repeat at the beginning of spring a second application of complete fertilizer avoiding the use of nitrogen fertilizers.