Gaillardia is an impressive flower with characteristic green-grey foliage and beautiful flowers that resemble daisies in shades of red, yellow and orange. Gaillardia is characterized by abundant and prolonged flowering that lasts from early summer to mid-autumn. It comes from America and belongs to the same family as the sunflower with several varieties, some annual and others perennial and a height varying between 30-90 cm. Gaillardia is an ideal choice for planting in a flower bed, in a rock garden, as well as in a pot on the balcony. The Gaillardia plant gives a wild flower feel to our garden and is also one of the plants that attract butterflies and birds. Gaillardia needs sunny positions to give us its impressive flowering. It wants light and sandy soil that has good drainage, as young Gaillardia plants are sensitive to excess moisture. To plant it in a pot on the balcony, we prefer places with southern exposure and relatively sheltered, as it is sensitive to low temperatures and strong north winds. In any case, we put a layer of gravel at the base of the pot to drain away the water and not to close the holes of the pot due to soil compression.
Gaillardia is considered a very resistant plant and has little requirements for watering and fertilizing. Specifically, we water the Gaillardia once a week during the spring and autumn seasons and twice a week during the hot summer season. We avoid excessive watering that can create root rot and destroy the plant. Also, we avoid excessive fertilization which can lead to reduced flowering and flowers with a reduced lifespan. To stimulate the plant, in the spring, we put a small amount of organic fertilizer with a reduced nitrogen content.