Fennel belongs to the apiaceae family. The root is white and penetrates to a great depth and the shoot is upright, green and cylindrical. The main part of the plant is its lower part, which is the pseudobulb of the fennel and is basically a thickening of the leaves at their base. The flowers are small and the fruits are 5 mm in diameter, oblong with shades of green and light grey-brown.
fennel grows in well-drained soil with a pH of 5.5-6.8. Transplanting or sowing should be done in a sunny location for best results. Because it is a Mediterranean crop, it grows as an annual plant. It withstands light frosts but does not reach the maximum yields when low temperatures prevail during ripening.
There are about 200 seeds per gram.
Strawberry, the favorite fruit of young and old with its unique juicy taste. The best way to enjoy the most delicious strawberries, full of rich aroma, is to grow our own strawberries in the garden or on the balcony. Strawberries are very healthy and have significant nutritional value. They are rich in vitamin C, potassium, phosphorus and calcium, while at the same time they offer significant antioxidant activity. Strawberries are the ideal fruit for novice gardeners of all ages, as they don’t require too much care, can be grown in a pot or in a flower bed, and each plant gives us enough fruit. The strawberry plant is a perennial and herbaceous that spreads on the ground and climbs. The strawberry has a central stem, of low height, from which the leaves, flowers and fruits that are formed in spring and summer emerge. Strawberry cultivation lasts about 3-4 years before the productivity of the plants starts to decrease significantly and we will have to replace the crop by planting new strawberry plants to ensure new strawberry plants.
Chives thrive in fertile soils, rich in organic matter and with very good drainage. It seeks a cool environment, it is resistant to cold and in sunny places it shows better growth and production, however, excessive moisture tends to cause it to rot in the root. Chives are propagated by seed. We can plant the chives directly by sowing in the field as long as when it reaches a growth of 10-15 cm we thin them at distances of 20-30 cm. If we get ready-made plants from a nursery, we plant them at suitable planting distances of 30-40 cm between plants and 50-60 cm between rows. To plant the chives on the balcony, choose a pot with a diameter of 30 cm and add general-purpose potting soil, enriched in nutrients, that ensures good drainage.
This small taxon is represented by evergreen trees and shrubs distributed in North America, Mexico, Peru, the West Indies and eastern Asia, with the highest concentration of species occurring in northern Myanmar and southern China.
The best known member of this genus is probably Illicium verum. Other species of this genus are Illicium anistatum, Illicium parviflorum, Illicium angustisepalum A.C. and other.
Thyme is an aromatic low shrub, a typical plant found in the countryside of our country. Thyme has a creeping but also upright growth and reaches a height of up to 40 cm. There are many varieties of thyme that we can grow. A special and hardy variety of thyme is lemon thyme, the leaves of which have a strong lemon aroma.
Oregano does not have special soil requirements, as long as it has very good drainage to remove water. It is cultivated, even in very poor, dry and stony soils. Oregano gives us lush vegetation and flowering when planted in sunny positions. It is resistant to heat during the summer and relatively resistant to frost in winter. To plant oregano in a pot, place it on a west or south facing balcony. For planting in a rock garden, oregano pairs well with marjoram and thyme, which have similar care requirements.
Stevia is a perennial plant, also known as melophyllo or sweet leaf of Paraguay. Stevia contains a substance, steviol, which has a high sweetening power, which is why it is used as a sweetener instead of sugar. We can grow stevia in a pot or in the garden and harvest its leaves to sweeten our coffee, tea or to use in various homemade sweets.