Endives have a special and mildly bitter taste, and also have a high nutritional value. Like most leafy vegetables, they are rich in fiber, vitamins and antioxidants. In addition, andias contain several minerals such as potassium, iron, calcium and magnesium. It is a plant of temperate climates and does not tolerate prolonged hot and dry periods well.
It is quite resistant to the relatively low winter temperatures during which it will also give a better quality final product, (higher percentage of internal, white leaves). The soils in which it can be cultivated are varied, but it prefers medium texture or somewhat light and irrigating, drained and rich in organic matter.
Sowing takes place mainly in August or September and can go as far as early spring if conditions allow. The seeds are placed in a seedbed or directly in the field. Sowing is done in furrows or in lines that are 40-50 cm apart and after germination the plants are thinned so that they are 20-30 cm apart. The quantities of seeds that will be needed are 400-500 grams/hectare.