Carnations, one of the classic and much-loved flowers that are traditionally found in the gardens, yards and balconies of Greek homes. The carnation (carnation or dianthus) stands out for its lush vegetation with its characteristic elongated lance-shaped leaves and its rich flowering in impressive colors. There are single color carnation varieties in shades of pink, red, yellow and white, as well as bicolor carnations with wonderful color combinations. This is an extremely popular ornamental plant that, especially in previous decades, was not missing from any home. After all, the carnation has been cultivated since ancient times and was known by the name Dianthos, which means the flower of Zeus. The carnation is planted in the spring and gives us the rich flowering from April to November.
Carnations have moderate watering needs. During the spring and autumn, we water the carnation twice a week, while in the winter the watering becomes more sparse. During the summer months and in hot conditions, especially when in small pots, the carnation needs more frequent watering, at least every two days, to cope with the very high temperature levels. Because carnations are sensitive to soil moisture, water only after checking that the soil is dry. Excellent choice to plant in a pot in our yard and balcony, as well as in a flower bed in the garden. In addition, carnation flowers can be preserved in a vase for a long time to decorate our living room. Carnations grow best in bright and sunny places, where they give us many flowers. It is not afraid of winter and is a cold-resistant plant, as it can withstand sub-zero temperatures. On the contrary, the very hot and dry summers bother her. Temperatures above 35 degrees can weaken the plant and dry it out. The carnation prefers rich, fertile soil with good water drainage, as it is sensitive to excessive moisture and its roots can rot.