Calendula is a flower found wild in nature and can be planted as an ornamental plant in the garden, as well as in pots on our balcony. A native plant in Southern Europe, a cousin of the daisy, the calendula stands out for its lovely large bright yellow and orange flowers, as well as its medicinal properties. A favorite choice of gardeners, calendula has a long flowering period from early spring to late autumn. Calendula thrives in sunny positions in fields and fields that have a low elevation. If we plant it in a pot in shade or semi-shade, it will survive showing reduced flowering. Calendula can withstand high temperatures, but is sensitive to temperatures close to 0°C. For this reason, although it is considered a perennial plant, calendula usually lives for one year, as it cannot withstand the frost of winter. Regarding transplanting, calendula needs cool and fertile soil that retains moisture, while if we plant it in a pot we will use general purpose potting soil with enough perlite to retain moisture.
Calendula has significant water needs and requires watering as soon as its soil dries out. Especially in the hot summer season, if the calendula is planted in shallow pots, it will be necessary to water it 1-2 times a day. Regarding calendula fertilization, we add a liquid fertilizer for flowering plants every two weeks to enhance its flowering from spring to autumn. Also, it is good to remove the calendula flowers as soon as they dry to enhance its flowering. At the end of summer we prune the calendula low to 10 cm, to help its autumn flowering.